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Zebra Teeth

Updated: Jun 5

Zebras are herbivorous animals and like many other herbivores, their teeth play a crucial role in their survival. Zebras have evolved teeth that are specifically adapted for grinding tough plant material, and they have a unique dental structure that sets them apart from other equids.

Closeup of zebra teeth.

The teeth of a zebra are characterized by a pattern of ridges and valleys that are designed to shear and grind plant material. These ridges are known as enamel ridges, and they are arranged in a zigzag pattern that allows the zebra to slice through tough grasses and other vegetation. The ridges on a zebra's teeth are more pronounced than those found on other herbivores, such as horses or donkeys, which makes them particularly well-suited for feeding on tough grasses.

Zebra teeth are also unique in that they have a high crown, which means that the enamel ridges are taller than those found on other equids. This high crown allows zebras to grind their food more effectively and to extract the maximum amount of nutrients from tough, fibrous plant material.

Smiling Zebra.

In addition to their unique dental structure, zebras also have a set of incisors at the front of their mouth that they use to nip off grasses and other vegetation. These incisors are used in combination with the ridged molars to process food and extract nutrients.

One interesting aspect of zebra teeth is that they continue to grow throughout their lives. This is true of all equids, but zebras have particularly long teeth that can grow up to 4 inches in length. As the teeth wear down through use, the roots continue to grow, which allows the teeth to maintain their size and function throughout the zebra's lifespan.

Baby zebra nursing.

Like all mammals, zebras are born with a set of milk teeth, also known as deciduous teeth or baby teeth. These teeth are temporary and will be replaced by a permanent set of teeth as the zebra grows and matures.


A zebra's milk teeth are usually fully developed by the time they are six months old. They have a similar structure to the adult teeth, but they are smaller and not as well-developed. The milk teeth are used by the zebra to bite and chew food, but they are not as efficient as the adult teeth, which are better adapted for grinding tough plant material.

Four zebras drinking water.

As the zebra grows and the adult teeth begin to emerge, the milk teeth are gradually pushed out of the mouth. This process is known as shedding, and it typically starts when the zebra is around 1 year old. The milk teeth will continue to be pushed out as the adult teeth grow in, and by the time the zebra is 2-3 years old, all of the milk teeth should have been replaced by the permanent set of teeth.


It is important for zebras to have a full set of permanent teeth in order to survive in the wild. Their teeth are crucial for grinding tough grasses and other vegetation, which makes up the bulk of their diet. Without a full set of teeth, zebras would not be able to extract the necessary nutrients from their food, which would lead to malnutrition and other health problems.

Zebra being fed at a zoo.

In the wild, young zebras rely on their mother's milk for the first few months of their life. As they begin to eat solid food, their milk teeth play an important role in the weaning process. The milk teeth allow the young zebra to chew and process solid food, which is necessary for their growth and development.


Zebras have their own way of keeping their teeth clean. Zebras, like other herbivores, have teeth that continuously grow throughout their lifetime. This is because their diet is tough and abrasive, which causes their teeth to wear down quickly. As a result, zebras need to grind their food down with their teeth constantly.

Three zebras cuddling.

To keep their teeth healthy and strong, zebras rely on their diet of tough vegetation. The act of grinding their food against their teeth helps to remove any debris or plaque that may have accumulated on their teeth. Additionally, zebras will chew on sticks or branches, which can help to remove any excess food particles and keep their teeth clean.


In some cases, zebras have been observed using their hooves to rub their teeth against a hard surface, such as a rock or a tree trunk. This behavior may help to remove any particularly stubborn debris from their teeth.

Zebras rely on their teeth to survive and thrive in their natural habitat. Without their specialized dental structure, zebras would be unable to extract the necessary nutrients from the tough, fibrous grasses that make up the bulk of their diet. By evolving teeth that are specifically adapted for grinding plant material, zebras have been able to thrive in some of the harshest environments in Africa, and they continue to be an important part of the continent's rich biodiversity.

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